Bangsa Malaysia & Asas-Asas Kenegaraan : Islam Dan Bahasa Melayu Menerusi Lensa Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Featured
Keterbukaan yang dirintis dalam era Malaysia Baharu perlu diisi untuk mengukuhkan perpaduan dalam kalangan rakyat Malaysia. Keterbukaan ini memerlukan keberanian dan kesediaan kita untuk membincangkan perkara-perkara sensitif yang membabitkan asas-asas kenegaraan kita. Kita menegaskan setiap isu berkaitan dengan asas-asas kenegaraan perlu difahami dengan merujuk pada setiap perkara yang diperuntukkan dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan.
Kedudukan Islam sebagai agama persekutuan contohnya, seharusnya mengingatkan kita, Islam meletakkan suatu dasar dan panduan Syariat yang terbaik untuk umatnya. Antara maslahat utamanya ialah demi menjaga keselamatan dan kemaslahatan umat Islam dan manusia seluruhnya melalui persaudaraan dan kasih sayang. Haruslah diingat bahawa untuk hidup dalam keadaan harmoni, ia menuntut warganya saling kenal-mengenali, meraikan perbezaan pendapat dan mengelakkan sentimen perkauman yang boleh membawa kepada perpecahan.
Peranan Bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa kebangsaan serta ejen pemersatu masyarakat tidak boleh dikesampingkan. Justeru, ABIM menggesa agar peranan serta usaha memartabatkannya perlu dipergiat serta diperluas bagi mencapai tujuan murni tersebut. Bahasa itu bukan sekadar alat komunikasi, tetapi wahana pengikat sosial, merentas tembok kaum, geografi dan status penduduk.
Kehadirannya sebagai bahasa kesatuan dan pemersatuan sudah berumur lebih tua daripada negara Malaysia itu sendiri. Tanpa perlu mengesampingkan keperluan menguasai bahasa lain, jika seluruh rakyat Malaysia mendaulatkan bahasa kebangsaan, akan terzahirlah citra dan keperibadian kita sebagai bangsa Malaysia.
Kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu seperti yang diutarakan dalam perkara 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan tidak seharusnya menjadikan kita sebagai kelompok eksklusif yang rasis terhadap orang lain. Kedudukan tersebut seharusnya menyedarkan kita bahawa Islam telah mendidik kita untuk menghormati orang lain dengan menjadi bangsa bermaruah.
Islam mendidik kita untuk bangkit menjadi bangsa bermaruah yang sanggup merobah diri dan memiliki daya juang dan kompetensi yang sangat tinggi. Dengan semangat zaman di mana pelbagai ruang telah terbuka menerusi media sosial, umat Islam tidak perlu menghina, meremeh, memperlekeh, mengaibkan ataupun menjatuhkan maruah orang ataupun kaum lain untuk menonjolkan kekuatan diri.
Islam telah membimbing kita dengan akhlak, moral serta etika yang tinggi dan menolak gutter politics sebagai asas kepada pemerintahan manusiawi dengan kefahaman mendalam terhadap konsep ihsan.
Dalam buku Islam and Good Governance: A Philosophy of Ihsan, Prof. Dr. Muqtedar Khan (2018) telah menyarankan penghayatan ihsan tidaklah hanya terhad di peringkat individu seperti kefahaman kebiasaan antara seseorang individu dengan Allah. Tetapi penghayatan konsep ihsan berlaku secara kolektif meliputi pelbagai peringkat kehidupan termasuk dalam aspek tata kelola serta urus tadbir politik dan ekonomi, yang merupakan dua elemen asas yang memayungi kesejahteraan rakyat.
Bahkan menerusi ajaran Islam, umatnya dipandu dengan penghayatan terhadap konsep karamah insaniah (kemuliaan insan) ataupun human dignity, seharusnya menerajui pembentukan bangsa Malaysia yang bebas daripada kebobrokan amarah perkauman dan chauvinistik yang sempit!
Dipetik daripada Ucapan Dasar ABIM: Membina Bangsa Malaysia, Mengangkat Martabat Umat.
Could movements like Abim and Ikram be the key to Malaysian unity?
IT’S probably a safe bet to say anywhere from 50% to 90% of non-Malays have either never heard of Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia (Abim) or Pertubuhan Ikram Malaysia (Ikram), or are generally unfamiliar with what they stand for.
Both organisations have some roots in the Islamic revivalism that emerged in the 1920s and 1930s
Abim is a youth based organisation established in 1971. PKR president Anwar Ibrahim is perhaps the most well known of the many figures that have emerged from the ranks of Abim, which was the platform that arguably launched his public profile as a leader.
Ikram is a consolidation of education and humanitarian NGOs that began with and were affiliated with Jamaah Islah Malaysia, which was established in 1990 and streamlined into Ikram in 2009.
Both Abim and Ikram share a number of similarities. Both were established to promote Islamic revivalism, and both have a strong, active grassroots network engaged in improving the day to day lives of Malaysians on the ground.
Perhaps most importantly, both have publicly and consistently been taking moderate, progressive positions.
Being part of a number of non-Malay/Muslim WhatsApp groups, I remain completely convinced that Islamaphobia is a very real thing. Similarly, my Malay Muslim friends tell me that they receive similar anti non-Malay/Muslim content all the time. This is all part of a global trend of increasing xenophobia all around.
On the subject of increasing Islamisation in Malaysia, I take the likely unpopular view (for people of my background anyway), that the more genuinely Islamic our government, the better.
I feel there is little value in dressing up our institutions with the outward trappings of religion, unless it is accompanied by the true values and principles that said religion preaches.
In that vein, I feel that the more genuinely Muslim a leader is, the more likely that leader will walk the straight and narrow path of integrity.
I would be more than happy with a staunch and pious Muslim at the helm of a government, because such a leader fears God above all else.
Fearing God means that a truly Muslim leader would be truly convinced that he or she is being constantly watched and judged at every second by an omniscient and omnipotent divine being, and is constantly conscious that the fires of hell (literally) await those who betray the trust of the people.
There is no bigger incentive that the rest of us, as mere mortals, can give to such a leader in order to ensure honest and compassionate governance.
If we can therefore accept that the proliferation of genuine Islamic values and principles could be a positive thing for the government and for Malaysia, perhaps we are step closer to being more open minded about movements that some would label “Islamist”, including organisations like Abim and Ikram.
By now, we are all too familiar with the somewhat more divisive and exclusionist narratives of Isma, Umno, and today’s PAS, among others.
Those few who take the opportunity to actually listen to the things that Abim and Ikram say (and to Malays notably, not just to non-Malay crowds) may be surprised to find a completely different narrative emerging from these two Islamist movements.
From Ikram, I recall in particular statements about the recognition of the UEC, and the buy Muslim first campaign.
The official statement on the UEC reflected serious efforts to reach out to Chinese educationists in order to understand the UEC from head to toe before making wild and inflammatory statements. It was ultimately more balanced, and more reconciliatory than almost anything I have seen emerge from a Malay majority organisation.
With regards to the buy Muslim first campaign, Ikram Youth leader Hafiz Abd Hamid wrote that that buying Muslim first was fine, but that boycotting products from other races and religions was something that was negative and ultimately unhelpful to Malaysia on multiple levels.
Abim took a similar position, stating that they support buying Muslim products, but were against boycotting non-Muslim products.
In the aftermath of the Icerd fiasco, then Abim secretary general Faisal Aziz (now Abim president) took the more middle ground position that despite rejecting Icerd, the government should incorporate some elements from Icerd into a new law against discrimination that were in line with the Federal Constitution.
Where outreach is concerned, Ikram is a key member of Gabungan Bertindak Malaysia (GBM), a unique coalition consisting of NGOs that represent a wide range of communities on the ethnoreligious spectrum. This is in line with Ikram’s emphasis on the concept of Negara Rahmah - a nation based on compassion and benevolence.
Abim meanwhile organised a large event in Bangi last week, called Seminar Bangsa Malaysia. The term ‘Bangsa Malaysia’ is itself controversial in the Malay community. Many might say that the concept represents an erosion of ‘Bangsa Melayu’.
Nonetheless, Abim forged bravely ahead. Listening to the speeches of their leaders all morning that Saturday, it was clear that their approach to Islam and leadership was one that emphasised the spirit of inclusiveness and openness towards non-Malays and non-Muslims.
Alongside recognising and being committed to defending all existing provisions regarding Islam and the Malays, this approach recognised the contributions of non-Malays and stated clearly a willingness to work together not for the benefit or detriment of any one race, but for the betterment of all.
Both Abim and Ikram have taken very clear and public (if not always well publicised) positions that emphasise a rejection of the politics of division, in lieu of a recognition that we are all in the same boat, and need to find a way to replace mistrust with empathy and mutual understanding.
On a more practical level, the significance of this is the demographic that these organisations represent.
We have seen more than a handful of very liberal and progressive Malays, whose aggressive and bold positions have made them the darlings of non-Malays throughout the country.
The only “problem” is, such figures (while undoubtedly true Malays, and very nice people) seldom represent or appeal to the wider Malay demographic – and certainly nowhere on the scale at which grassroots organisations like Abim and Ikram do.
This makes them uniquely positioned to provide an important contrasting narrative to the one in which ultras on both side of the divide seem intent on fanning flames and letting the social fabric of Malaysia burn down all around us.
God knows we’ve had enough of that. It’s time for leaders with credible credentials and values steeped in compassion and mutual respect to come to the fore.
The Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia (ABIM) urges the People's Republic of China to immediately release all Uyghur Muslims from detention camps in Xinjiang province. ABIM also calls for all detention centres and camps to be closed immediately. This call is made in conjunction with the anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 2019.
It was also on October 1, 1949 that East Turkestan was incorporated into China and renamed Xinjiang. The ongoing humanitarian tragedy of the Uyghur minority Muslims is already widely known throughout the world. ABIM considers the revelations and disclosures in the various forms of testimony and evidence have seriously undermined the international community’s confidence in the government of the People's Republic of China concerning human rights.
The atrocities committed against the Uyghur ethnic groups in the detention camps go beyond the norms of humanity and result in psychological stress, depression, and trauma among these ethnic people.
To this day, Uyghur communities outside of China are still being denied access to information and blocked from communication which have left them separated from millions of their family members in Xinjiang.
These Uyghur communities have also been denied the right as citizens from possessing passports that would allow them to travel freely including returning home legally. As a major force expanding its influence internationally, the actions of the Government of the People's Republic of China are contrary to fundamental values of human rights held by the universal community. The international community is also keeping abreast of developments in Hong Kong.
The world is observing every policy implemented by the government of the People's Republic of China in both regions. ABIM fears that every move by the Chinese government is a reflection of the policies and values that the country wants to address as a new universal reference norm.
On that basis, ABIM urges Malaysians and the world community to reject any form of normalization that seeks to justify the inhumanity of the Government of the People's Republic of China in particular to its mistreatment of the Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang.
ABIM strongly implores the Malaysian government and the Muslim world to continue to increase political pressure so that atrocities on the Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang shall be ceased and their release from detention camps be achieved.
The millions of Uyghur Muslims and other ethnic groups should have the right to live freely as dignified people as any other citizen in the People’s Republic of China.
Muhammad Faisal Abdul Aziz, Secretary General, Muslim Youth Movesment of Malaysia (ABIM).
11hb September 2019 (Rabu): Alhamdulillah, Puan Nor Azura Kamarudin Sohami, Naib Presiden ABIM (HELWA) telah menerima Surat Perlantikan sebagai Panel Isu-Isu Semasa Wanita Islam (PISWI) daripada YB Menteri Di Jabatan Perdana Menteri (Agama), Datuk Seri Dr Mujahid Yusof.
Majlis berlangsung di Kompleks Islam Putrajaya, dan turut dihadiri oleh YB Timbalan Menteri di JPM, Puan Hajah Fuziah Salleh dan ketua-ketua agensi di bawah Jabatan Perdana Menteri (Agama). PISWI lantikan 2019-2021 yang diketuai oleh Prof Dr Sharifah Hayati akan menasihati YB Menteri Agama dan JAKIM dalam isu berkaitan wanita Islam di Malaysia.